Leading countries have taken energy conservation and carbon emission reduction as the government energy policy due to the concern of climate change issues and the rapid consumption of fossil fuels. Developing renewable energy and a green industry has become a new prominence in the global economy. In response to the coming of a green economy era and to achieve the policy of moving towards a nuclear-free homeland, the government has listed the innovative development plan for green energy technology industry as an important issue of its “Five plus two Innovative Industries policy.” The government thus makes efforts to leverage Taiwan’s existing niches in the field of green energy to promote the green energy industries, to boost industrial competitiveness, to bolster the nation’s energy security, to create a green economy and to facilitate environmental sustainability.
In order to promote the three visions, namely green energy, industrial development, and technological innovation, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Ministry of Science and Technology jointly set up the "Green Energy Technology Industry Promotion Center" to help facilitate related work such as staff assignments, promotional management, consolidate achievements, promote publicity and international cooperation as well as plan the construction of Shalun Smart Green Energy Science City (Figure 1)
Figure 1. Development Plan of the Green Energy Industry
The objective of developing Shalun Smart Green Energy Science City is to build a smart ecosystem city that co-develops with nature, as well as to build up “people-oriented” community and the necessary green life system. The Office coordinates the promotion of the science city by linking the regional constructions of Shalun Smart Green Energy Science City from the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Science and Technology, Academia Sinica, and Tainan City Government etc. into a low-carbon smart city. Such coordination will attract personnel in green energy technology in Taiwan or abroad. Some zones are planned to build test fields for developing low-carbon smart related technology.
Strategy of Promotion
The core zone, including the Joint Research Center for Green Energy Technologies and Green Energy Technology Demonstration Site, is the key promotional base of this Green Energy Science City, which gradually links with peripheral R&D institutes and science parks or industrial parks. The function of the two aims to integrate the R&D of green energy technology in industry and academia. This industry-academic collaboration in green energy will assist the industries to test innovative technologies and product performance through experienced-based demonstration site, thereby to boost industry competitiveness and expand green energy technology related products on a global scale.
In core zone, the research departments of the industries or the research institutes will play the role of chaining the industries and academic circles to cooperative researches. The research institutes, planning to station in research units, are Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), National Applied Research Laboratories (NARL), and Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER). These institutions will link industries and academia circles in Taiwan and abroad through their research strengths with commitment in the development of green energy industry technology.
In the long run, the promotional strategy is to create an innovative green energy industrial ecosystem, which is formed by involving green energy technology R&D derived from the industry demand of Science City, and impelling green energy industry development through scientific R&D outcomes.
Promotion Architecture and Division of Work